Islamic Treasure [Official Blog]

الدعوة السلفيه عقيدة ومنهج علي فهم السلف الصالح

‘Animals in Islam’

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Do Animals Have Soul?

Allah says in the Qur’an Chapter 6 verse 38 answers your queries and reminds that Allah never neglects anything:

There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered.

Allah’s statement,

﴿مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِى الكِتَـبِ مِن شَىْءٍ﴾

(We have neglected nothing in the Book,) means, the knowledge about all things is with Allah, and He never forgets any of His creatures, nor their sustenance, nor their affairs, whether these creatures live in the sea or on land. In another Ayah, Allah said;

﴿وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ فِي الاٌّرْضِ إِلاَّ عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا كُلٌّ فِى كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ ﴾

(And no moving creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave, etc.). All is in a Clear Book.) ﴿11:6﴾, there is a record of their names, numbers, movements, and lack of movement.

﴾Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Ibn `Abbas said about the Qur’an Chapter 6 ayah 38,

﴿ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ﴾

(then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered.) “Death gathers them.” It was also said that the Day of Resurrection gathers them, for in another Ayah, Allah said;

﴿وَإِذَا الْوُحُوشُ حُشِرَتْ ﴾

(And when the wild beasts shall be gathered together.) ﴿81:5﴾ `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abu Hurayrah said about Allah’s statement,

﴿إِلاَّ أُمَمٌ أَمْثَـلُكُمْ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِى الكِتَـبِ مِن شَىْءٍ ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ﴾

(but are Umam like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered.) “All creatures will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection, the beasts, birds and all others.

The Qur’an applies the word “Muslim” not only to humans but also to animals and the inanimate world. “The divine will manifests itself in the form of laws both in human society and in the world of nature.” In Islamic terminology, for example, a bee is a Muslim precisely because it lives and dies obeying the sharia that God has prescribed for the community of bees, just as a person is a Muslim by virtue of the fact that he or she submits to the revealed sharia ordained for humans in the Qur’an and Sunnah.

This fact is very much clear by the verse of the Qur’an Chapter 22 verse 18 where Allah says,

See you not that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and many of mankind? But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified. And whomsoever Allah disgraces, none can honour him. Verily! Allah does what He wills.

Animals and other living things were created by Allah, the Lord of the Universe. They have their own independent existences and modes of living.  (Qur’an 55:10)

Allah says in The Qur’an in 3:185, 21:35 and 29:57

“Every soul shall have a taste of death in the end to us shall you be brought back.”

It is quite clear from the above verse that anything which has a soul will die. We know that plants die, we know that animals die, so they all have souls. And all of them will be returned to Allah and assembled together on the day of Judgment.

Many passages from the Qur’an and Ahadith state that all animals are endowed with spirit and mind and “…there is ample evidence in the Qur’an to suggest that animals’ consciousness of spirit and mind is of a degree higher than mere instinct and intuition. We are told in the Qur’an that animals have a cognizance of their Creator and, hence, they pay their obeisance to Him by adoration and worship: Seest thou not that it is Allah Whose praises are celebrated by all beings in the heavens and on earth, and by the birds with extended wings? Each one knows its prayer and psalm, And Allah is aware of what they do. (Qur’an 24:41).

It is worth noting the statement that ‘each one knows its prayer and psalm’. The execution of a voluntary act, performed consciously and intentionally, requires a faculty higher than that of instinct and intuition. Lest some people should doubt that animals could have such a faculty, the following verse points out that it is human ignorance that prevents them from understanding this phenomenon: The seven heavens and the earth and all things therein declare His glory. There is not a thing but celebrates His adoration; and yet ye mankind! ye understand not how do they declare His glory…(Qur’an 17:44).


All kinds of animal fights are strictly forbidden in Islam. Out of the numerous such injunctions, one would suffice here:

God’s Messenger(s) forbade inciting animals to fight each other. (Narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas. Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi and Abu al-Darda; recorded in Riyad (Ref. No. 28); Hadith No. 1606; p. 271. Also ‘Robson’ (Ref. No. 15), p. 876.)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad(s) laid so much emphasis on this point that he declared: “There is no man who kills {even} a sparrow or anything smaller, without its deserving it, but God will question him about it.” (Narrated by Ibn ‘Omar and by Abdallah bin Al-As. An-Nasai, 7:206,239, Beirut.)

Prophet Muhammad(saw) is reported to have said:

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “While a man was walking on a road. he became very thirsty. Then he came across a well, got down into it, drank (of its water) and then came out. Meanwhile he saw a dog panting and licking mud because of excessive thirst. The man said to himself “This dog is suffering from the same state of thirst as I did.” So he went down the well (again) and filled his shoe (with water) and held it in his mouth and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for that deed and forgave him.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! Is there a reward for us in serving the animals?” He said, “(Yes) There is a reward for serving any animate (living being) .” [Bukhari :: Vol 8, Book 73, Hadith 38]

Narated By Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, “If any Muslim plants any plant and a human being or an animal eats of it, he will be rewarded as if he had given that much in charity.” – [Bukhari Vol. 8, Book 73, #41]

Even if an animal eats from a plant which has been planted by man, the person will receive rewards for it.

Narated By Salim: That Ibn ‘Umar disliked the branding of animals on the face. Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet forbade beating (animals) on the face.” – [Bukhari Vol.7, Book 67, #449] & [Muslim Book 24, Chapter 21, #5281]

During the times of ignorance (Ja’hillah) people would cut the limbs of animals while they were alive. This was a disgusting act and Islam was the religion that brought an end to this practice. Not only this but shooting at an animal who is tied was also forbidden by Prophet Muhammad(saw).

Narated By Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet cursed the one who did Muthla to an animal (i e., cut its limbs or some other part of its body while it is still alive). – [Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 67, #424]

Narated By Hisham bin Zaid: Anas and I went to Al-Hakam bin Aiyub. Anas saw some boys shooting at a tied hen. Anas said, “The Prophet has forbidden the shooting of tied or confined animals.” – [Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 67, #421; #422]

While the animal rights were being laid down by Allah(swt) through Prophet Muhammad(saw), the Prophet(saw) also narrated an incident regarding a woman who imprisoned a cat and made it starve to death.

Narated By ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar : Allah’s Apostle said, “A lady was punished because of a cat which she had imprisoned till it died. She entered the (Hell) Fire because of it, for she neither gave it food nor water as she had imprisoned it, nor set it free to eat from the vermin of the earth.” – [Bukhari Vol.4, Book 56, #689]

This hadith clearly suggests that being brutal towards animals is a grave sin and Allah (swt) will punish him who treats the animals without kindness. It is obligatory for the owner of the animal to feed it. Many rights have been given to animals and Muslims are required to obey these guidelines for transgression would make them sinful. While oppressing humans is wrong, Islam also teaches that oppression towards animals is wrong.

Even in a state of war, the Muslims are prohibited from killing the animals in the lands of the enemies and are also prohibited to burning or cutting down trees for no reason. Indeed Islam is a mercy for everyone. It is not only a religion but a complete way of life which even secures the rights of animals.


Written by islamictreasure

31/10/2010 at 8:26 AM

Posted in Islam

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