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Raising hand and making du’a after Fardh Salah

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Du’aa’ is an act of worship. Acts of worship are Tawqifiyyah (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) i.e. every act of worship should only be done on the basis of evidence (daleel). Therefore, it is not permissible to say that an act of worship is prescribed – with regard to its principle, number, form, or place except with proper Shar`i (Islamically lawful) evidence.

The basic principle is that it is mustahabb to raise the hands for every du’aa’, EXCEPT at the times when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said du’aa’ but did not raise his hands, such as the du’aa’ during the Jumu’ah khutbah when it is not a prayer for rain (istisqa’), du’aa’ during tawaaf and saa’i, and du’aa’ following prayer (i.e. Fardh Salah), whether what is meant by du’aa’ following prayer is du’aa’ before the salaam or after it.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not raise his hands at these times.
So we follow the example of the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam), for his is the best of guidance.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ was asked:

س1: هل الدعاء بعد صلاة الفرض سنة وهل الدعاء مقرون برفع اليدين وهل ترفع مع الإمام أفضل أم لا؟

Is du’aa’ after fardh (obligatory) prayer Sunnah? Should the du’aa’ be accompanied by raising of the hands? Is it better to raise the hands with the imam or not?

They replied:

ج1: ليس الدعاء بعد الفرائض بسنة إذا كان ذلك برفع الأيدي سواء كان من الإمام وحده أو المأموم وحده أو منهما جميعا، بل ذلك بدعة؛ لأنه لم ينقل عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا عن أصحابه رضي الله عنهم، أما الدعاء بدون ذلك فلا بأس به لورود بعض الأحاديث في ذلك.

وبالله التوفيق وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم.

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

Making du’aa’ after the obligatory prayers is not Sunnah if it is done by raising the hands, whether that is done by the imam alone or a member of the congregation alone, or it is done by them both together.

Rather that is bid’ah, because it was not narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did that.

With regard to making du’aa’ without doing that (raising the hands etc.), there is nothing wrong with it, because there are some ahaadeeth concerning that. 

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member – ‘Abdullah ibn Qa`ud and ‘Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan

Chairman – `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 7/103, first question from Fatawa number 3901

So, we can make du’a individually after Fardh salah but without raising the hands.

Du’a in Unison/Congregation after Prayer.

With regards to making du’a in unison i.e. in groups after the Fardh prayers.

The Committee also stated that:

الدعاء جهرا عقب الصلوات الخمس والسنن والرواتب أو الدعاء بعدها على الهيئة الاجتماعية على سبيل الدوام بدعة منكرة ؛ لأنه لم يثبت عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم شيء من ذلك ولا عن أصحابه رضي الله عنهم ، ومن دعا عقب الفرائض أو سننها الراتبة على الهيئة الاجتماعية فهو مخالف في ذلك لأهل السنة والجماعة ، ورميه من خالفه ولم يفعل كما فعل بأنه كافر أو ليس من أهل السنة والجماعة جهل منه وضلال وقلب للحقائ

Saying du’aa’ out loud after the five daily prayers or regular Sunnah prayers, or reciting du’aa’ in unison as a regular practice is a reprehensible innovation (bid’ah), because it was not proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did anything like that. Whoever makes du’aa’ after the obligatory or regular Sunnah prayers in unison is going against the way of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, and for those people to accuse those who disagree with them of being kaafirs and not belonging to Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, is misguidance, ignorance and a distortion of the facts.

Source: Fataawa Islamiyyah, 1/319

Written by islamictreasure

10/08/2012 at 5:43 PM

Posted in Bidah | Innovation

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