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The Salaf’s way regarding choosing words

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Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him) stated in Dar at-Ta’arud al-Aql wan-Naql [vol 1, pg 254]:

قال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية – رحمه الله – في “درء تعارض العقل والنقل” (1/254) :
فطريقة السلف والأئمة أنهم يراعون المعاني الصحيحة المعلومة بالشرع والعقل.
ويرُاعون أيضاً الألفاظ الشرعية ، فيعبرون بها ما وجدوا إلى ذلك سبيلا. ومن تكلم بما فيه معنى باطل يخالف الكتاب والسنة ردوا عليه.
ومن تكلم بلفظ مبتدع يحتمل حقا وباطلا نسبوه إلى البدعة أيضا ، وقالوا : إنما قابل بدعة ببدعة وردَّ باطلا بباطل” .

“So the way of the Salaf and the Imaams of the past is that they would carefully consider and utilize the correct meanings that were confirmed by the religion and by the intellect.They would likewise carefully consider and utilize the terms and expressions that were confirmed by the religion, thus utilizing them in their speech whenever they could.

So whosoever spoke with a term that contained a false meaning, thereby opposing the Book and the Sunnah, then they, (the ‘Salaf’ and the Imaams) would refute him.

And whosoever came with an innovated term or expression that contained within it, truth and falsehood, then likewise they, (the ‘Salaf’ and the Imaams), would ascribe him to innovation as well, and they would say: ‘Indeed he has only confronted an innovation with another innovation, and has refuted falsehood with that which is false itself.'”

End Quote.

Shaykh Rabee’ Ibn Haadi al-Madkhalee (may Allaah preserve him) commented on these words of Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him):

أقول:
في هذا النص بيان أمور عظيمة ومهمة يسلكها السلف الصالح للحفاظ على دينهم الحق وحمايته من غوائل البدع والأخطاء منها:

“I say, This passage demonstrates some of the great and important affairs that the ‘Salaf As Saaleh’ would embark upon in order to protect and preserve their true religion. Likewise, the passage demonstrates the means of precaution that the ‘Salaf’ would take with regards to the dangers and calamities that may arise from innovations and mistakes.

From amongst these affairs are:

1- شدة حذرهم من البدع ومراعاتهم للألفاظ والمعاني الصحيحة المعلومة بالشرع والعقل، فلا يعبرون – قدر الإمكان – إلا بالألفاظ الشرعية ولا يطلقونها إلا على المعاني الشرعية الصحيحة الثابتة بالشرع المحمدي.

1. Their severe warning against innovation, and their concern for the utilization of the correct terms and meanings affirmed by both the religion and the intellect. So, in as much as they were able to do so, they would never speak except with them. Likewise, they would never apply the correct terms and expressions except upon the correct meanings established in the religion.

2- أنهم حراس الدين وحماته، فمن تكلم بكلام فيه معنى باطل يخالف الكتاب و السنة ردوا عليه.

ومن تكلم بلفظ مبتدع يحتمل حقاً وباطلاً نسبوه إلى البدعة ولو كان يرد على اهل الباطل، وقالوا إنما قابل بدعة ببدعة أخرى، ورد باطلا بباطل ، ولو كان هذا الراد من أفاضل أهل السنة والجماعة، ولا يقولون ولن يقولوا يحمل مجمله على مفصله لأنا نعرف أنه من أهل السنة.

2. Their severe warning against innovation, and their concern for the utilization of the correct terms and meanings affirmed by both the religion and the intellect. So, in as much as they were able to do so, they would never speak except with them. Likewise, they would never apply the correct terms and expressions except upon the correct meanings established in the religion.

And whosoever spoke with an innovated term containing truth and falsehood then they would ascribe him to innovation even if he was refuting ‘Ahlul Baatil’, (the people of falsehood), and they, (the Salaf ), would say: “Indeed he has only confronted an innovation with another innovation, and has refuted falsehood with that which is false itself.” And this may have been the case, even if the refuter was from amongst the most virtuous of ‘Ahlus Sunnah.’ And they, (the Salaf), would never say: “Rather his ‘Mujmal’ (general and ambiguous statements) should be referred back to his ‘Mufassal’ (detailed and explained ones) because we know him to be from ‘Ahlus Sunnah’”

Written by islamictreasure

03/06/2012 at 12:00 PM

Hold fast to the traditions of the Salaf

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The Shaykh of Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said:

“It is known to those who reflect upon the Qur’an, the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet), and points where Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) agreed that the best generation of this nation in terms of deeds, sayings, beliefs, and all virtues is the first generation, i.e. the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet), then the one after, then the one after them.

This was reported in a number of authentic Hadiths from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard.

The Sahabah are better than later generations in every aspect; knowledge, actions, faith, character, deeds, and worship. Thus, they are most worthy of explaining every detailed point of religion. None may argue this evident fundamental except those who deny the well-established and known Islamic facts; and Allah, knowing that they know the truth, left them astray.”

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

Anyone who wishes to adopt a certain example should follow those who have passed away, for the living are not safe from Fitnah (temptation). They are the Sahabah of Muhammad who have the purest hearts, the best knowledgeable, and are the least pretentious of all Muslims. They are the people that Allah chose to accompany his Prophet (peace be upon him) and to establish Islam. So affirm their status and hold firmly to their guidance, for indeed they were on the right path.

[Narrated from `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, by Ibn `Abdul-Bar, Jami` Bayan Al-`Ilm wa Fadlihi, Chapter on undesirable debate, dispute, and argument, vol. 2, p. 947, no. 1810, (verified by Al-Zuhayry); and Abu Isma`il Al-Harawy, Dham Al-Kalam wa Ahlihi, vol. 4, p. 38, no. 758, verified by `Abdullah Al-Ansary. Related by Abu Nu`aym in Al-Hilyah’ from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar, vol. 1, pp. 305- 306]

Someone once said: “Hold fast to the traditions of the Salaf, for they brought forth what is sufficient and curative and no good ever arose after them which they were not knowledgeable of.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:  “No time will come but the following time is worse than it, until you meet your Lord.

[Ahmad, vol. 3, pp. 117, 132, 177, 179, and 261; Al-Bukhari, vol. 8, p. 90; Al-Tirmidhy, vol. 4, p. 492, nos. 4036-4037; Abu Ya`la, vol. 7, pp. 96-97, nos. 4036-4037; Ibn Hibban, vol. 13, p. 282, no. 5952; Al-Tabarany, Al-Saghir, vol. 1, p. 192]

How can there be a better time than theirs while they witnessed the revelation of the best knowledge, i.e. the Knowledge of Allah! This will never happen.

How precise are the words of Al-Shafi’ee (may Allah be merciful to him) who wrote in his book “Al-Risalah”:

They, i.e. the Sahabah, are superior to us in knowledge, reason, belief, virtue and every means through which knowledge or guidance is attained. Indeed, their opinion is more beneficial to us than ours to ourselves.” (Al-Fatawa; vol. 4, pp. 157-158)

Written by islamictreasure

08/05/2012 at 9:52 PM

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